The complex story of race in Gauteng and the state of the ‘rainbow nation’ is the key focus of this section. It scans the state of race in Gauteng in terms of race relations and racial dimensions of spatial integration. In doing so we sketch a picture of the formidable challenges ahead in terms of building the truly socially cohesive society which is the ultimate vision of key policy documents such as the National Development Plan 2030 and the Gauteng 2055 programme of long-term change. All is not doom and gloom, though. The data also reveals sufficient amounts of general goodwill and commitment amongst Gauteng residents which can serve as the fundamental building blocks of this envisioned society.