Income level reflects education, employment status and sector of employment.
Access to data on monthly net household incomes is somewhat problematic, as in QoL 2011 over 40% of interviewees (48% of cross border migrants) did not answer the question and data on income by migrant status is currently unavailable from Census 2011 and other Statistics SA surveys.
QoL 2011 found that the income profiles of people born in Gauteng, and internal and cross border migrants were similar.
This suggests that the relationships between migrancy and income are complex and that the focus of concern should be on the large number of households in the province living on low incomes regardless of their migrant status.
Disturbingly, over half the households that responded were living on less than R3 200pm, including one in ten households with no income.
Government grants (including old age pensions) are an important source of income for people born in Gauteng (32%) and internal migrants (30%), but less so for cross border migrants (13%).